Articles


Outcomes

Eighteen-month outcomes for clients receiving combined outpatient treatment and sober living houses.

“One of the most frequent and frustrating challenges facing clients in outpatient treatment is finding a living environment that is free of alcohol and drugs, and supportive of recovery. Sober Living Houses (SLHs) have been suggested as one potential solution.”

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A Clean and Sober Place to Live: Philosophy, Structure, and Purported Therapeutic Factors in Sober Living Houses.

“The call for evidence-based practices (EBPs) in addiction treatment is nearly universal. It is a noteworthy movement in the field because treatment innovations have not always been implemented in community programs.”

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Abstinence-contingent recovery housing and reinforcement-based treatment following opioid detoxification.

“To conduct a randomized, controlled trial of abstinence-contingent recovery housing delivered with or without intensive day treatment among individuals exiting residential opioid detoxification.”

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A Model for Sober Housing During Outpatient Treatment

“Finding a living environment that supports recovery is a major challenge for many clients attending outpatient treatment. Yet it is important because family, friends, and roommates who encourage substance use or discourage recovery can undermine the progress made in treatment.”

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Recovery Capital as Prospective Predictor of Sustained Recovery, Life Satisfaction and Stress among Former Poly-Substance Users

“This study builds on our previous cross-sectional findings that recovery capital (social supports, spirituality, religiousness, life meaning, and 12-step affiliation) enhances the ability to cope with stress and enhances life satisfaction.”

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Social and Recovery Capital Amongst Homeless Hostel Residents who use Drugs and Alcohol

“Therapies that focus on promoting positive social networks amongst people experiencing addiction seem to offer a valuable way of working with homeless hostel residents who use drugs and alcohol.”

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The Need for Substance Abuse After-Care: Longitudinal Analysis of Oxford House

“Results suggest that receiving abstinence support, guidance, and information from recovery home members committed to the goal of long-term sobriety may enhance residents’ abstinence self-efficacy and enable persons recovering from alcohol and other drug addiction to reduce the probability of a relapse.”

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Substance Abuse Recovery Odds Increase in a Community Setting

“This news article discusses the research of Leonard Jason, a community psychologist at DePaul University, specializing in the study of Oxford Houses.”

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Resident Experiences

Alternative Families in Recovery: Fictive Kin Relationships Among Residents of Sober Living Homes.

“Sober living homes are group residences for people attempting to maintain abstinence from alcohol and drugs in a mutually supportive setting. Residents typically develop strong psychological and economic ties and have been referred to as “alternative families,” thus evoking the anthropological concept of fictive kinship.”

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Housing Preferences and Choices Among Adults with Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders: A Qualitative Study

“Housing is a crucial issue for adults with severe mental illness and co-occurring substance use disorders, as this population is particularly susceptible to housing instability and homelessness.”

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Sense of Community within Oxford House Recovery Housing: Impact of Resident Age and Income

“The experience of psychological sense of community (PSOC) can play an important role in the substance abuse recovery process. This study explored the relationship between PSOC and setting level variables of age and income among residents living in Oxford House, a communal, self-governed recovery housing model.”

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Sober as Deviant: The Stigma of Sobriety and How some College Students “Stay Dry” on a “Wet” Campus

“Social scientists have conducted numerous studies on college students’ binge drinking behavior. They have not, however, conducted any systematic studies of nondrinkers on college campuses. Our study focuses on the everyday experiences of nondrinking undergraduates who stay “dry” while living on “wet” campuses.”

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What about Sober Living Houses for Parolees?

“High recidivism rates for parolees might be reduced with the provision of a stable, drug-free living environment. This paper suggests that Sober Living Houses (SLHs) have been overlooked as housing options for alcohol and drug abusing parolees.”

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Dynamic Social Networks in Recovery Homes

“Results suggest that confidant relationships are predicted by trust, while trust is affected by recovery behaviors and length of residence. Conceptualizing recovery houses as a set of independent, evolving social networks that can be modeled jointly appears to be a promising direction for research.”

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Residents of Mutual Help Recovery Homes, Characteristics and Outcomes: Comparison of Four US Ethnic Subgroups

“This study compared the characteristics and outcomes of four ethnic groups living in mutual help recovery homes.”

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Recovery Housing & the Community

Community Context of Sober Living Houses

“The success or failure of programs designed to address alcohol and drug problems can be profoundly influenced by the communities where they are located. Support from the community is vital for long-term stability and conflict with the community can harm a program’s reputation or even result in closure.”

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Perceptions of Sober Living Houses Among Addiction Counselors and Mental Health Therapists: Knowledge, Views and Perceived Barriers

“Affordable alcohol- and drug-free housing that supports recovery is limited in many areas. Sober living houses (SLHs) offer a unique living environment that supports abstinence and maintenance of a recovery lifestyle.”

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From Personal Tragedy to Personal Challenge: Responses to Stigma Among Sober Living Home Residents and Operators

“Sober living homes for people attempting to maintain abstinence from alcohol and drugs can act as a buffer against the high rates of substance misuse that are endemic to many urban environments. Sober living homes and other group homes for people with disabilities have faced persistent opposition from neighbourhood associations, which raises the question of stigma.”

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The Evolution of Peer Run Sober Housing as a Recovery Resource for California Communities

“The purpose of this paper is to trace the evolution of sober living houses in California from the early influences of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) in the 1930’s to the establishment of current SLH associations, such as the Sober Living Network in Southern California.”

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Attitudes Toward Recovery Homes and Residences: Does Proximity Make a Difference?

“The present study investigated the attitudes of neighbINARRood residents toward a particular type of substance abuse recovery home (i.e., Oxford House) . . . Findings suggest that well managed and well-functioning substance abuse recovery homes, such as Oxford Houses, elicit constructive and positive attitudes toward individuals in recovery and recovery homes.”

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Counteracting “Not in my Backyard”: The Positive Effects of Greater Occupancy within Mutual-Help Recovery Homes

“Regression analyses using data from 643 residents from 154 U.S. Oxford Houses indicated that larger House size predicted less criminal and aggressive behavior; additionally, length of abstinence was a partial mediator in these relationships. These findings have been used in court cases to argue against closing down larger Oxford Houses.”

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The Setting is the Service: How the Architecture of Sober Living Residences Supports Community Based Recovery

“This paper uses a case-study approach to analyze the architecture of a community-based residential recovery service that has demonstrated successful recovery outcomes for its residents, is popular in its community, and has achieved state-wide recognition.”

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Maximizing the Social Model Principles in Residential Recovery Settings

“This article presents specific, practical suggestions for enhancing social model principles in ways that facilitate peer support in a range of recovery residences.”

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Measuring Treatment Philosophy: A Scale for Substance Abuse Recovery Programs

“This paper presents a Social Model Philosophy Scale (SMPS) to classify the extent to which a given treatment program follows a social model approach to treatment.”

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Sober Housing and Motivational Interviewing: The Treatment Access Project

“This paper describes an innovative program that provides rental subsidies for sober housing and supportive services to persons in early recovery who are homeless and have substance use disorders.”

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Implementation & Policy Considerations

The Role of Recovery Residences in Promoting Long-Term Addiction Recovery

“New recovery support institutions are emerging beyond the arenas of traditional addiction treatment to support individuals hoping to initiate and to sustain long-term recovery from addiction.”

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